Slovakia is a democratic Parliamentary republic,
founded on 1 January 1993, following the peaceable dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
The country is located in the heart of Central Europe and is bordered
by Austria , the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine.
Since the September 2000 elections, Slovakia has been governed by a centre-right
coalition, headed by the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union of Prime
Minister, Dzurinda (SDKU, 28 seats) and supported by three other parties.
Its economic transformation over the past five years has positioned it
well for European Union accession. Slovakia will join the EU and NATO
in May 2004.
The Slovak Republic is an upper middle income country with a Gross National
Income (GNI) per capita of US $ 3,950. The services sector accounts for
64% of the GDP. 32% of national revenue is derived from the metallurgic,
food, chemical, paper, textiles and optics industries, and 4% from agriculture.
Over the last few years, Slovakia has managed to overcome many of the
problems encountered in its efforts to modernise the economy. Most of
the privatisation schemes have been completed. Banks have attracted the
participation of important foreign investors, and foreign investment in
general is increasing. Economic growth in Slovakia in 2001-2002 exceeded
even the most optimistic forecasts, despite the general slowdown.
The Slovak Republic is one of the fastest growing economies in the region,
with GDP growth of 4.4 percent in 2002, despite the slowdown in the EU
– the country’s main market. The economy's weak point, however, is the
high unemployment rate 18 percent in 2002 or 14 percent as reported by
the National Labor Office. There are sharp regional differences in unemployment,
with the eastern region having a much higher incidence of poverty, as
economic activity is heavily concentrated in the western part, particularly
around the capital, Bratislava.
|Chief of State:
|Minister of Foreign Affairs:
|Per Capita GDP:
||37 SKK/1 US$ (2003)
|| $US 2.20/hour (2003)
|VAT, income tax